Discover how technology has transformed investigation and responses to critical situations via advanced data analysis tools to surveillance technologies.
The Impact of Technology on Criminal Law
Technology is impacting criminal law in many ways. Law firms such as Criminal lawyers in Saskatchewan can now easily and more effectively:
- And solve crimes
Besides, technology is impacting criminal law in both positive and negative ways. Considering that technological advances are creating new types of crimes and making it easier to commit traditional crimes.
Let’s take a deep dive into the impacts in the following pointers:
- Cybercrime Has Become a Major Challenge
Cybercrime is a growing concern for law enforcement agencies around the world. As businesses and individuals rely on technology, cybercriminals find innovative ways to exploit weaknesses in computer systems and networks.
Some common types of cybercrime are:
Furthermore, the rise of cryptocurrencies has made it easier for cybercriminals to launder money. Therefore law enforcement agencies need to be proactive, innovative, and collaborative.
To combat cybercrime, law enforcement agencies are investing in new technologies and techniques such as:
- Digital Forensics
- International Cooperation
Keep reading to learn more about these measures.
- Improved Crime Analysis
Law enforcement agencies utilize data analysis tools to identify patterns and trends in criminal activity.
There is this approach known as predictive policing. It involves using historical crime data and other data sources such as weather, traffic, and demographic data to identify areas and times where crimes are most likely to occur.
One common tool in predictive policing is crime mapping. It involves plotting crime data on a map to identify areas where crimes are most concentrated. This allows law enforcement agencies to allocate resources to these areas more efficiently.
By targeting resources in high-crime areas, law enforcement agencies can prevent crimes from occurring. Also, they can act faster when crimes do occur.
- Enhanced Evidence Collection & Analysis
Technology has revolutionized evidence collection and analysis in criminal investigations.
For example, advanced forensic techniques and DNA profiling have significantly improved the accuracy of criminal investigations.
By comparing DNA samples, investigators can identify individuals who were present at the crime scene. They can also eliminate innocent suspects from consideration.
Additionally, forensic techniques such as ballistics, fingerprint, and bloodstain pattern analysis are available to identify suspects and link them to a crime.
These techniques involve analyzing physical evidence found at the crime scene and using it to reconstruct what happened.
- Better Communication and Coordination
One of the most important technologies used for communication and coordination is the radio. Radios allow officers to communicate with each other and coordinate their efforts, responding to a crime scene or coordinating a search and rescue mission.
What is more, radios have become more advanced over the years, with features such as GPS location tracking and encrypted communication to ensure the security of sensitive information.
In addition to radios, law enforcement agencies also use other forms of communication technology, such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops.
These devices allow officers to access real-time information and communicate with each other and other agencies from anywhere, at any time.
- Monitoring Individuals Released on Bail or Probation
Law enforcement agencies use electronic monitoring devices to keep an eye on individuals who have been released on bail or probation.
These devices, also known as ankle bracelets, are worn around the ankle and use GPS technology to track a person’s location.
Electronic monitoring can tell whether individuals comply with court orders, such as:
- Staying within a certain area
- Avoiding contact with certain individuals
If an individual wearing an ankle bracelet violates these orders, law enforcement agencies can be notified and take appropriate action.
Also, electronic monitoring is an alternative to incarceration, allowing individuals to be released from jail or prison while ensuring they are held accountable for their actions.
This can reduce overcrowding in jails and prisons and still provide a means of monitoring and controlling the behaviour of individuals convicted of a crime.
- Video Surveillance Technology
It’s a form of technology to monitor public spaces, transportation systems, and other areas where criminal activity may occur. This technology can include fixed and mobile cameras, which can capture and record real-time video footage.
There are other forms of technology related to video surveillance, such as facial recognition software, license plate readers, and other advanced analytics tools.
These technologies can help law enforcement agencies to identify and track suspects accurately and respond quickly to emerging threats.
Technology has significantly moved the criminal justice system, transforming how law enforcement agencies investigate and prevent crime.
Using data analysis tools, DNA profiling, forensic techniques, and surveillance technologies, law enforcement agencies have improved the accuracy of criminal investigations.
However, while technology has provided law enforcement agencies with many benefits, there are concerns about potential privacy violations and abuse of power.
Therefore, criminal law must balance the use of technology with appropriate safeguards to ensure that they use the technologies ethically and in a way that protects the rights of individuals.